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Theriogenology. 2010 Mar 15;73(5):638-44. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2009.10.020. Epub 2009 Dec 14.

Semen characteristics of genetically identical male cats cloned via somatic cell nucleus transfer.

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  • 1Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School of Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

We investigated the sperm characteristics of four cloned male cats (Felis catus) to assess their reproductive potential. Fresh and frozen-thawed sperm were assessed for motility, viability, and morphology, and their functional competence was evaluated by in vitro fertilization (IVF) of domestic cat oocytes. All fresh semen characteristics varied among cats and collection times. Sperm concentration (x 10(6)/mL) of Cat A (512+/-140, range 368 to 685) was significantly higher, whereas that of Cat C (335+/-92, range 274 to 469) was significantly lower than that of Cloned B (459+/-159, range 336 to 510) and control cats (680+/-452, range 360 to 479). After thawing, motility and progressive motility of sperm from Cat B were significantly lower than that of the other cloned and control cats. The curvilinear, straight line, and average path velocities of sperm from Cat B were significantly higher, whereas the straightness was lower, than that of the other cloned and control cats. Frozen sperm from Cats A, B, and C successfully fertilized oocytes (cleavage=74.4%, 71.4%, and 86.2%, respectively) and produced embryos that developed to the blastocyst stage after IVF/In vitro culture (IVC) (34.4%, 26.7%, and 48.0%) at frequencies similar to the cleavage rate (82.0%) and blastocyst rate (43.9%) obtained with sperm from the control male. In conclusion, seminal characteristics of cloned male cats did not differ markedly from those of our noncloned, control male cats.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20005562
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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