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Patient Educ Couns. 2010 Mar;78(3):316-28. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2009.10.029. Epub 2009 Dec 14.

What constitutes evidence-based patient information? Overview of discussed criteria.

Author information

  • 1University of Hamburg, Unit of Health Sciences and Education, 20146 Hamburg, Germany. Martina.Bunge@uni-hamburg.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To survey quality criteria for evidence-based patient information (EBPI) and to compile the evidence for the identified criteria.

METHODS:

Databases PubMed, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, PSYNDEX and Education Research Information Center (ERIC) were searched to update the pool of criteria for EBPI. A subsequent search aimed to identify evidence for each criterion. Only studies on health issues with cognitive outcome measures were included. Evidence for each criterion is presented using descriptive methods.

RESULTS:

3 systematic reviews, 24 randomized-controlled studies and 1 non-systematic review were included. Presentation of numerical data, verbal presentation of risks and diagrams, graphics and charts are based on good evidence. Content of information and meta-information, loss- and gain-framing and patient-oriented outcome measures are based on ethical guidelines. There is a lack of studies on quality of evidence, pictures and drawings, patient narratives, cultural aspects, layout, language and development process.

CONCLUSION:

The results of this review allow specification of EBPI and may help to advance the discourse among related disciplines. Research gaps are highlighted.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Findings outline the type and extent of content of EBPI, guide the presentation of information and describe the development process.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20005067
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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