Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mutat Res. 2010 Feb 3;684(1-2):66-73. doi: 10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2009.12.001. Epub 2009 Dec 11.

Effect of rapid human N-acetyltransferase 2 haplotype on DNA damage and mutagenesis induced by 2-amino-3-methylimidazo-[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo-[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx).

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology, James Graham Brown Cancer Center and Center for Environmental Genomics and Integrative Biology, University of Louisville School of Medicine, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.


Heterocyclic amines such as 2-amino-3-methylimidazo-[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) and 2-amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo-[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) are dietary carcinogens generated when meats are cooked well-done. Bioactivation includes N-hydroxylation catalyzed by cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2) followed by O-acetylation catalyzed by N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2). Nucleotide excision repair-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells stably transfected with human CYP1A2 and either NAT2*4 (rapid acetylator) or NAT2*5B (slow acetylator) alleles were treated with IQ or MeIQx to examine the effect of NAT2 genetic polymorphism on IQ- or MeIQx-induced DNA adducts and mutagenesis. MeIQx and IQ both induced decreases in cell survival and significantly (p<0.001) greater number of endogenous hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (hprt) mutants in the CYP1A2/NAT2*4 than the CYP1A2/NAT2*5B cell line. IQ- and MeIQx-induced hprt mutant cDNAs were sequenced and over 85% of the mutations were single-base substitutions with the remainder exon deletions likely caused by splice-site mutations. For the single-base substitutions, over 85% were at G:C base pairs. Deoxyguanosine (dG)-C8-IQ and dG-C8-MeIQx adducts were significantly (p<0.001) greater in the CYP1A2/NAT2*4 than the CYP1A2/NAT2*5B cell line. DNA adduct levels correlated very highly with hprt mutants for both IQ and MeIQx. These results suggest substantially increased risk for IQ- and MeIQx-induced DNA damage and mutagenesis in rapid NAT2 acetylators.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk