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Pediatr Res. 1991 Jan;29(1):5-9.

Hepatitis B virus mutants with precore-region defects in two babies with fulminant hepatitis and their mothers positive for antibody to hepatitis B e antigen.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Prefectural Gero Hospital, Gifu-Ken, Japan.


Clones of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA were propagated from sera of two babies who developed neonatal fulminant hepatitis B, as well as from sera of their mothers who carried HBV with antibody to hepatitis B e antigen, and the precore-region sequences were determined. A point mutation from guanine to adenine, converting codon 28 for tryptophan (TGG) to a stop codon (TAG), was detected in 18 of 20 HBV DNA clones from mother and all 31 clones from baby in one family, and invariably in 55 clones from mother and three clones from baby in the other family. These results indicate that HBV mutants defective in the precore region in some carrier mothers with antibody to hepatitis B e antigen may transmit fulminant hepatitis B to their babies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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