Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 15;201(2):233-40. doi: 10.1086/649429.

Factors influencing time to vancomycin-induced clearance of nonendocarditis methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia: role of platelet microbicidal protein killing and agr genotypes.

Author information

  • 1Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Lexington, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vancomycin susceptibility, the accessory gene global regulator (agr) genotype and function, staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) mec type, and susceptibility to cationic thrombin-induced platelet microbicidal protein 1 (tPMP-1) have been individually predictive of duration of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia. This investigation evaluated the interrelationship of these factors with time to clearance of MRSA bacteremia during vancomycin therapy in patients without endocarditis.

METHODS:

Vancomycin minimum inhibitory concentration and in vitro killing, agr function (delta-hemolysin activity), agr group, SCCmec type, and survival in tPMP-1 killing assays were determined for 29 MRSA bacteremia isolates.

RESULTS:

Increased resistance to tPMP-1 killing was observed with agr group III MRSA (P = .025) and MRSA with reduced or absent agr function (P = .023). The median time to clearance of MRSA bacteremia was earlier for agr group III (3 days) versus group I (10.5 days) or II (15 days) (P = .001). In multivariate analysis, agr group II, reduced tPMP-1 killing in vitro, and prior vancomycin exposure were significant independent predictors of longer MRSA bacteremia duration.

CONCLUSIONS:

Specific genotypic, phenotypic, and clinical parameters appear to correlate with persistent MRSA bacteremia. The interrelationship of these and other factors probably contributes to vancomycin-mediated clearance of MRSA bacteremia.

PMID:
20001853
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2819315
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk