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Opt Express. 2009 Oct 26;17(22):19857-67. doi: 10.1364/OE.17.019857.

Cross-correlation between spiral modesand its influence on the overall spatial characteristics of partially coherent beams.

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  • 1Departamento de Optica, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, 28040-Madrid, Spain.


The overall spatial structure of a general partially coherent field is shown to be connected with the cross-correlation between the so-called spiral modes, understood as the terms of the spiral-harmonics series expansion of the field. The formalism based on the beam irradiance-moments is used, and the light field is globally described by the beam width, the far-field divergence, the beam quality factor, the orientation of the beam profile and the angular orbital momentum, given as the sum of its asymmetrical and vortex parts. This overall spatial description is expressed in terms of the intermodal coherence features (cross-correlation between spiral modes). The above analytical results are also illustrated by means of an example.

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