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Biochemistry. 1991 Feb 26;30(8):2050-6.

Location of the disulfide bonds in human plasma prekallikrein: the presence of four novel apple domains in the amino-terminal portion of the molecule.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle 98195.


The location of 16 of the 18 disulfide bonds in human plasma prekallikrein was determined by amino acid sequence analysis of cystinyl peptides produced by chemical and enzymatic digestions. A unique structure, named the apple domain, was established for each of the four tandem repeats in the amino-terminal portion of the molecule. The apple domains (90 or 91 amino acids) contain 3 highly conserved disulfide bonds linking the first and sixth, second and fifth, and third and fourth half-cystine residues present in each repeat. The fourth tandem repeat contains an extra disulfide bond that forms a second small loop within the apple domain. The carboxyl-terminal portion of plasma prekallikrein containing the catalytic region of the molecule was found to have disulfide bonds located in positions similar to those of other serine proteases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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