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Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1991 Jan;23(1):10-4.

Static pre-load effect on knee extensor isokinetic concentric and eccentric performance.

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  • 1Department of Physical Therapy, Sargent College of Allied Health Professions, Boston University, MA 02215.


The effect of two static pre-load levels on isokinetic concentric (CON) and eccentric (ECC) performance of the knee extensors at 90 degrees.s-1 was evaluated in 35 healthy subjects. The low pre-load level was 50 N, and the high level was 75% of a maximal voluntary isometric contraction, performed at the start angles of 100 degrees (CON) and 30 degrees (ECC) of knee flexion. A two-way ANOVA with two repeated measures (load and angle) and a Newman-Keuls post hoc analysis were performed to compare the interaction of pre-load and angle at every 5 degrees in the ROM. The differences in average torque, peak torque, and peak torque angle between the pre-load levels were also analyzed with repeated-measures t-tests. The high pre-load condition had a significant increase in torque at 99, 95, 90, and 85 degrees concentrically and 31, 35, 40, 45, and 50 degrees eccentrically. In comparing the two pre-load conditions over the whole torque curve, there was a significant difference in average torque values of both CON and ECC, no significant difference in peak torque in either contraction, and a significant shift in peak torque angle with CON contractions only.

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