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Aging Clin Exp Res. 2010 Oct-Dec;22(5-6):450-5. doi: 10.3275/6708. Epub 2009 Nov 27.

Assessment of healthcare worker influenza vaccination program in French geriatric wards: a cluster-randomized controlled trial.

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  • 1ORIG, Charles Foix Hospital, Ivry sur Seine, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

The French institute for study of geriatric infection risk (ORIG) has run a multiphase multicenter study (VESTA) to develop and implement active programs promoting healthcare worker (HCW) influenza vaccination. The present article reports results after implementation of the first active program.

METHOD:

A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted from December 1 to December 15, 2005, and a total of 43 geriatric wards (3646 HCWs) were randomly assigned to two clusters. The program cluster (24 wards; 1918 HCWs) received the active program whereas no action was taken in the control cluster (19 wards; 1728 HCWs). The program was educational; its objective was to convince HCWs to be vaccinated by giving them topdown scientific information and developing a sense of altruism. Data from 1201 HCWs (63%) from the program cluster and 1144 HCWs (66%) from the control cluster were collected.

RESULTS:

The program failed to increase the HCW influenza vaccination rate (program: 34%; control: 32%; p>0.05), but won the faithfulness of vaccinated HCWs (5% vs 8% HCWs quitted vaccination; p<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Resistance to active influenza vaccination programs was found. Future active programs will have to restore a climate of confidence between sources of knowledge and HCWs and promote "self-protection" in contrast with the protection of elderly people.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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