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Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2009 Dec;42(6):973-1000, Table of Contents. doi: 10.1016/j.otc.2009.08.009.

Clinical ultrasound of the salivary glands.

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  • 1Salivary Glands Functional Explorations Institut, 75017 Paris, France.


Ultrasound investigation of the major salivary glands has been routinely used for the past 25 years. Ultrasound provides an immediate diagnosis in acute or chronic inflammatory salivary diseases and can visualize sialolithiasis as small as 0.4 mm. Ultrasound is also an important imaging modality for salivary gland tumors, guiding fine needle aspiration (FNA) for cytological diagnosis. It is particularly sensitive in detecting suspicious lymph nodes in the neck and helps to guide FNA. Ultrasound is a first-line tool for diagnosis of salivary pathology. It is simple to use, noninvasive, and well tolerated, even in children.

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