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Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2009 Oct;37(4):196-202. doi: 10.1097/JES.0b013e3181b7b6e3.

Exercise training as vascular medicine: direct impacts on the vasculature in humans.

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  • 1Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK.


Exercise training decreases cardiovascular risk, but effects on traditional risk factors do not fully account for this benefit. Exercise directly impacts upon arterial shear stress, a stimulus to antiatherogenic adaptation in vascular function and remodeling. This review considers the impact of exercise training on vascular adaptation in large and small arteries in humans.

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