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Med Mal Infect. 2010 May;40(5):256-67. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2009.10.008. Epub 2009 Nov 29.

[Impact of malaria on HIV infection].

[Article in French]

Author information

  • 1Service des maladies infectieuses et tropicales, hôpital Purpan, place du Docteur-Baylac, TSA 40031, 31059 Toulouse cedex 9, France.

Abstract

Malaria and HIV are two major public health issues, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. HIV infection increases the incidence of clinical malaria, inversely correlated with the degree of immunodepression. The effect of malaria on HIV infection is not as well established. Malaria, when fever and parasitemia are high, may be associated with transient increases in HIV viral load. The effect of subclinical malaria on HIV viral load is uncertain. During pregnancy, placental malaria is associated with higher plasma and placental HIV viral loads, independently of the severity of immunodeficiency. However, the clinical impact of these transient increases of HIV viral load remains unknown. Although some data suggests that malaria might enhance sexual and mother-to-child transmissions, no clinical study has confirmed this. Nevertheless pregnant women and children with malaria-induced anemia are also exposed to HIV through blood transfusions. Integrated HIV and malaria control programs in the regions where both infections overlap are necessary.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

PMID:
19951829
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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