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Pharmacol Res. 2010 Apr;61(4):342-8. doi: 10.1016/j.phrs.2009.11.009. Epub 2009 Dec 3.

Sulforaphane protects ischemic injury of hearts through antioxidant pathway and mitochondrial K(ATP) channels.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Diabetes Research Center, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea.


Reactive oxygen species are important mediators that exert a toxic effect during ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury of various organs. Sulforaphane is known to be an indirect antioxidant that acts by inducing Nrf2-dependent phase 2 enzymes. In this study, we investigated whether sulforaphane protects heart against I/R injury. Sprague-Dawley rats received sulforaphane (500microg/kg/day) or vehicle intraperitoneally for 3 days and global ischemia was performed using isolated perfused Langendorff hearts. Hearts were perfused with Krebs-bicarbonate buffer for 20min pre-ischemic period followed by a 20min global ischemia and 50min reperfusion. Treatment with sulforaphane inhibited an increase in the post-ischemic left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and improved the post-ischemic left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), +/-dP/dt, and coronary flow as compared with the untreated control hearts. Pretreatment with 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD), a mitochondrial K(ATP) channel blocker, for 10min before ischemia attenuated the improvement of LVEDP, LVDP, +/-dP/dt, and coronary flow induced by sulforaphane. Sulforaphane markedly decreased the infarcted size and attenuated the increased lactate dehydrogenase level in effluent during reperfusion. Pretreatment with 5-HD also blocked these protective effects of sulforaphane. Post-ischemia increased the concentration of atrial natriuretic peptide in coronary effluent, which attenuated by sulforaphane treatment. Decreases on Mn-superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and heme oxygenase-1 levels by I/R were increased by sulforaphane treatment and pretreatment of 5-HD blocked the sulforaphane effects. Increases in Bax and caspase-3 levels, and decrease in Bcl-2 level by I/R were attenuated by sulforaphane treatment. These results suggest that the protective effects of sulforaphane against I/R injury may be partly mediated through mitochondrial K(ATP) channels and antioxidant pathway.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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