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Scand J Gastroenterol. 2010;45(2):168-74. doi: 10.3109/00365520903414176.

The -22018A allele matches the lactase persistence phenotype in northern Chinese populations.

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  • 1Laboratory of Medical Genetics, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

It has been reported that some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (-13910C/T, -22018G/A, -13907C/G, -13915T/G, and -14010G/C) within the lactase gene are associated with lactase persistence. In our previous study, we found that -13910C/T is not a good predictor of lactase persistence in Chinese populations. To obtain a better understanding of the mechanism of lactase persistence, we examined the frequencies in Northern China of the four other alleles that are associated with lactase persistence.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We evaluated the allele frequencies of -22018G/A, -13907C/G, -13915T/G, and -14010G/C in six northern Chinese populations (Manchu, Mongol, Hezhen, Oroqen, Kazak, and northern Han) using the methods of polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and resequencing.

RESULTS:

By genotyping 1092 chromosomes, we found that the frequency of the -22018A allele was highest in the Kazak population and extremely low in the northern Han population. Although there are little available data about the frequency of lactase persistence in northern Chinese populations, we compared the allele frequencies with the phenotype frequencies that have been published previously. We found that the frequency of the -22018A allele was basically consistent with the reported frequencies of lactase persistence in Northern China. With respect to the -13907C/G, -13915T/G, and -14010G/C polymorphisms, we found no individuals with the derived allele.

CONCLUSIONS:

The frequency of the -22018A allele differed significantly among the six populations and the frequency reflected the frequency of lactase persistence. Taking into consideration the results of previous studies, we believe that the origins of lactase persistence-associated alleles are different in different pastoral populations.

PMID:
19947896
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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