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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2010 Feb;48(2):342-51. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2009.11.007. Epub 2009 Nov 27.

beta-Adrenergic receptor stimulated Ncx1 upregulation is mediated via a CaMKII/AP-1 signaling pathway in adult cardiomyocytes.

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  • 1Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Gazes Cardiac Research Institute, Medical University of South Carolina, 114 Doughty Street, Box 250773, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.


The Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger gene (Ncx1) is upregulated in hypertrophy and is often found elevated in end-stage heart failure. Studies have shown that the change in its expression contributes to contractile dysfunction. beta-Adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) signaling plays an important role in the regulation of calcium homeostasis in the cardiomyocyte, but chronic activation in periods of cardiac stress contributes to heart failure by mechanisms which include Ncx1 upregulation. Here, using a Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKIIdelta(c)) null mouse, we demonstrate that beta-AR-stimulated Ncx1 upregulation is dependent on CaMKII. beta-AR-stimulated Ncx1 expression is mediated by activator protein 1 (AP-1) factors and is independent of cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) activation. The MAP kinases (ERK1/2, JNK and p38) are not required for AP-1 factor activation. Chromatin immunoprecipitation demonstrates that beta-AR stimulation activates the ordered recruitment of JunB homodimers, which then are replaced by c-Jun homodimers binding to the proximal AP-1 elements of the endogenous Ncx1 promoter. In conclusion, this work has provided insight into the intracellular signaling pathways and transcription factors regulating Ncx1 gene expression in a chronically beta-AR-stimulated heart.

Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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