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EMBO J. 2010 Jan 20;29(2):304-14. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2009.350. Epub 2009 Nov 26.

A genome-wide RNA interference screen identifies two novel components of the metazoan secretory pathway.

Author information

  • 1MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London, UK.

Abstract

Genetic screens in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have identified many proteins involved in the secretory pathway, most of which have orthologues in higher eukaryotes. To investigate whether there are additional proteins that are required for secretion in metazoans but are absent from yeast, we used genome-wide RNA interference (RNAi) to look for genes required for secretion of recombinant luciferase from Drosophila S2 cells. This identified two novel components of the secretory pathway that are conserved from humans to plants. Gryzun is distantly related to, but distinct from, the Trs130 subunit of the TRAPP complex but is absent from S. cerevisiae. RNAi of human Gryzun (C4orf41) blocks Golgi exit. Kish is a small membrane protein with a previously uncharacterised orthologue in yeast. The screen also identified Drosophila orthologues of almost 60% of the yeast genes essential for secretion. Given this coverage, the small number of novel components suggests that contrary to previous indications the number of essential core components of the secretory pathway is not much greater in metazoans than in yeasts.

PMID:
19942856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2824459
Free PMC Article

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