Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Horm Res. 2009 Nov;72 Suppl 1:42-7. doi: 10.1159/000229763. Epub 2009 Nov 27.

Promoting growth in chronic inflammatory disease: lessons from studies of the growth plate.

Author information

  • 1Bone and Endocrine Research Group, Division of Developmental Medicine, University of Glasgow, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow, UK.



Growth disorders are commonly observed in children with chronic inflammatory disease. It is likely that these disorders are mediated by a combination of factors, including the disease process and its treatment (with drugs such as glucocorticoids [GCs]). These factors affect the growth hormone-insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) axis, which is crucial for promoting linear growth at the level of the growth plate. Recent advances in our knowledge of the effects of GCs and proinflammatory cytokines on the growth plate have led to an improved understanding of the biological rationale for the use of growth-promoting therapy in children with chronic inflammatory disease and concurrent growth retardation.


Both GCs and proinflammatory cytokines can adversely affect a number of components of growth plate chondrogenesis, and these effects can be ameliorated by raising local IGF-I exposure. However, this intervention does not lead to complete normalization of the growth plate. In children with chronic inflammation, the cornerstone of improving growth remains the judicious use of GCs while ensuring effective control of the disease process.

Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk