Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2010 Mar;332(3):1040-53. doi: 10.1124/jpet.109.161885. Epub 2009 Nov 25.

Limiting activity at beta1-subunit-containing GABAA receptor subtypes reduces ataxia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.


GABA(A) receptor (R) positive allosteric modulators that selectively modulate GABA(A)Rs containing beta(2)- and/or beta(3)- over beta(1)-subunits have been reported across diverse chemotypes. Examples include loreclezole, mefenamic acid, tracazolate, and etifoxine. In general,"beta(2/3)-selective" GABA(A)R positive allosteric modulators are nonbenzodiazepines (nonBZs), do not show alpha-subunit isoform selectivity, yet have anxiolytic efficacy with reduced ataxic/sedative effects in animal models and humans. Here, we report on an enantiomeric pair of nonBZ GABA(A)R positive allosteric modulators that demonstrate differential beta-subunit isoform selectivity. We have tested this enantiomeric pair along with a series of other beta(2/3)-subunit selective, alpha-subunit isoform-selective, BZ and nonBZ GABA(A) positive allosteric modulators using electrophysiological, pharmacokinetic, and behavioral assays to test the hypothesis that ataxia may be correlated with the extent of modulation at beta(1)-subunit-containing GABA(A)Rs. Our findings provide an alternative strategy for designing anxioselective allosteric modulators of the GABA(A)R with BZ-like anxiolytic efficacy by reducing or eliminating activity at beta(1)-subunit-containing GABA(A)Rs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk