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J Exp Med. 2009 Dec 21;206(13):2987-3000. doi: 10.1084/jem.20090934. Epub 2009 Nov 23.

GATA-3 is required for early T lineage progenitor development.

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  • 1Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA.

Abstract

Most T lymphocytes appear to arise from very rare early T lineage progenitors (ETPs) in the thymus, but the transcriptional programs that specify ETP generation are not completely known. The transcription factor GATA-3 is required for the development of T lymphocytes at multiple late differentiation steps as well as for the development of thymic natural killer cells. However, a role for GATA-3 before the double-negative (DN) 3 stage of T cell development has to date been obscured both by the developmental heterogeneity of DN1 thymocytes and the paucity of ETPs. We provide multiple lines of in vivo evidence through the analysis of T cell development in Gata3 hypomorphic mutant embryos, in irradiated mice reconstituted with Gata3 mutant hematopoietic cells, and in mice conditionally ablated for the Gata3 gene to show that GATA-3 is required for ETP generation. We further show that Gata3 loss does not affect hematopoietic stem cells or multipotent hematopoietic progenitors. Finally, we demonstrate that Gata3 mutant lymphoid progenitors exhibit neither increased apoptosis nor diminished cell-cycle progression. Thus, GATA-3 is required for the cell-autonomous development of the earliest characterized thymic T cell progenitors.

PMID:
19934022
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2806453
Free PMC Article
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