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Arch Sex Behav. 2010 Apr;39(2):317-24. doi: 10.1007/s10508-009-9577-4.

The DSM diagnostic criteria for exhibitionism, voyeurism, and frotteurism.

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  • 1Centre for Violence Prevention, Karolinska Institutet, POB 23000, 104 35, Stockholm, Sweden.


I reviewed the empirical literature for 1980-2008 on exhibitionism, voyeurism, and frotteurism for the American Psychiatric Association's Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders Work Group in preparation for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V). Very limited empirical support was found for major changes of the current DSM-IV-TR criteria sets for these paraphilias. Some of the criticism of current criteria and the balancing of false negatives and false positive diagnoses are examined. The report concludes with suggestions for possible diagnostic criteria changes for the DSM-V.

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