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J Xray Sci Technol. 2009;17(4):319-33. doi: 10.3233/XST-2009-0232.

Cone Beam Breast CT noise reduction using 3D adaptive Gaussian filtering.

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  • 1Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.


In Cone Beam Breast CT (CBBCT) imaging, noise causes degradation of three dimensional breast images, impeding correct diagnosis of breast cancer. Within Feldkamp's cone beam reconstruction framework, applying weighted reconstruction filters to the projection images after pre-processing procedures has long been used to reduce noise and improve image quality. However, CBBCT noise is distributed across frequencies along with the useful signal. Various reconstruction filters working in the frequency domain suppress noise as well as the edge detail signal. Based on fuzzy c-means clustering and the two-dimensional histogram analysis of a large number of clinical CBBCT data, we managed to discriminate fatty stroma, glandular tissues and the transition areas between these tissues by the local mean and standard deviation values. We also proposed a three-dimensional Gaussian filtering scheme to reduce the noise in 3D reconstructed images adaptively without much blurring of detail signal.

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