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Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2010 Jan;13(1):1-7. doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e328333c1c1.

Understanding sarcopenia as a geriatric syndrome.

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  • 1Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain. acruz.hrc@salud.madrid.org

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Highly prevalent in the population older than 65 years and leading to poor outcomes (functional decline and its related consequences), sarcopenia does not benefit yet either of a clear understanding of its pathophysiology or of precise clinical or biological markers allowing its identification.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The new scientific definition of 'geriatric syndromes' challenges the authors to review the current sarcopenia literature, allowing them to affirm that sarcopenia cannot be considered as an age-related disease but as a true 'geriatric syndrome'. More than 50% of the population older than 80 years suffer from this medical condition, which is linked to multiple causations: the ageing process itself, genetic susceptibility, certain life habits, changes in living conditions and a number of chronic diseases. Moreover, sarcopenia favours poor outcomes such as mobility disorders, disability, poor quality of life and death.

SUMMARY:

Considering sarcopenia as a geriatric syndrome allows us to request its recognition and assess its multiple risk factors, to implement a clinical and public health approach to the management of sarcopenic patients and population at risk and to disentangle the links among sarcopenia, frailty, disability and mortality.

PMID:
19915458
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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