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Diabetes Care. 2010 Feb;33(2):221-6. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1492. Epub 2009 Nov 12.

Early glucose abnormalities in cystic fibrosis are preceded by poor weight gain.

Author information

  • 1Endocrinology, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. shihab.hameed@sesiahs.health.nsw.gov.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Progressive beta-cell loss causes catabolism in cystic fibrosis. Existing diagnostic criteria for diabetes were based on microvascular complications rather than on cystic fibrosis-specific outcomes. We aimed to relate glycemic status in cystic fibrosis to weight and lung function changes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

We determined peak blood glucose (BG(max)) during oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) with samples every 30 min for 33 consecutive children (aged 10.2-18 years). Twenty-five also agreed to undergo continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) (Medtronic). Outcome measures were change in weight standard deviation score (wtSDS), percent forced expiratory volume in 1 s (%FEV1), and percent forced vital capacity (%FVC) in the year preceding the OGTT.

RESULTS:

Declining wtSDS and %FVC were associated with higher BG(max) (both P = 0.02) and with CGM time >7.8 mmol/l (P = 0.006 and P = 0.02, respectively) but not with BG(120 min). A decline in %FEV1 was related to CGM time >7.8 mmol/l (P = 0.02). Using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis to determine optimal glycemic cutoffs, CGM time above 7.8 mmol/l > or =4.5% detected declining wtSDS with 89% sensitivity and 86% specificity (area under the ROC curve 0.89, P = 0.003). BG(max) > or =8.2 mmol/l gave 87% sensitivity and 70% specificity (0.76, P = 0.02). BG(120 min) did not detect declining wtSDS (0.59, P = 0.41). After exclusion of two patients with BG(120 min) > or =11.1 mmol/l, the decline in wtSDS was worse if BG(max) was > or =8.2 mmol/l (-0.3 +/- 0.4 vs. 0.0 +/- 0.4 for BG(max) <8.2 mmol/l, P = 0.04) or if CGM time above 7.8 mmol/l was > or =4.5% (-0.3 +/- 0.4 vs. 0.1 +/- 0.2 for time <4.5%, P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

BG(max) > or =8.2 mmol/l on an OGTT and CGM time above 7.8 mmol/l > or =4.5% are associated with declining wtSDS and lung function in the preceding 12 months.

PMID:
19910502
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2809253
Free PMC Article
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