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Behav Res Ther. 2010 Mar;48(3):179-86. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.10.007. Epub 2009 Oct 22.

Resilience as positive coping appraisals: Testing the schematic appraisals model of suicide (SAMS).

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  • 1University of Manchester, UK. judith.johnson@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk

Abstract

AIMS:

The Schematic Appraisals Model of Suicide (SAMS) suggests that positive self-appraisals may be important for buffering suicidal thoughts and behaviours, potentially providing a key source of resilience. The current study aimed to explore whether positive self-appraisals buffered individuals from suicidality in the face of stressful life events.

METHOD:

78 participants who reported experiencing some degree of suicidality were recruited from a student population. They completed a battery of questionnaires including measures of suicidality, stressful life events and positive self-appraisals.

RESULTS:

Positive self-appraisals moderated the association between stressful life events and suicidality. For those reporting moderate or high levels of positive self-appraisals, raised incidence of stressful life events did not lead to increases in suicidality.

DISCUSSION:

These results support the SAMS framework, and suggest that positive self-appraisals may confer resilience to suicide. Positive self-appraisals may be a promising avenue for further resilience research, and an important area to target for suicide interventions.

2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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