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JAMA. 2009 Nov 11;302(18):1993-2000. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.1619.

Major lipids, apolipoproteins, and risk of vascular disease.

Collaborators (261)

Tipping RW, Ford CE, Pressel SL, Walldius G, Jungner I, Folsom AR, Chambless LE, Panagiotakos DB, Pitsavos C, Chrysohoou C, Stefanadis C, Knuiman M, Goldbourt U, Benderly M, Tanne D, Whincup PH, Wannamethee SG, Morris RW, Kiechl S, Willeit J, Santer P, Mayr A, Wald N, Ebrahim S, Lawlor DA, Yarnell JW, Gallacher J, Casiglia E, Tikhonoff V, Nietert PJ, Sutherland SE, Bachman DL, Keil JE, Cushman M, Psaty BM, Tracy RP, Tybjaerg-Hansen A, Nordestgaard BG, Benn M, Frikke-Schmidt R, Giampaoli S, Palmieri L, Panico S, Vanuzzo D, Pilotto L, Gómez de la Cámara A, Gómez-Gerique JA, Simons L, McCallum J, Friedlander Y, Fowkes FG, Lee AJ, Smith FB, Taylor J, Guralnik JM, Phillips CL, Wallace R, Guralnik J, Phillips CL, Blazer DG, Guralnik JM, Phillips CL, Phillips CL, Guralnik JM, Khaw KT, Brenner H, Raum E, Müller H, Rothenbacher D, Jansson JH, Wennberg P, Nissinen A, Donfrancesco C, Giampaoli S, Salomaa V, Harald K, Jousilahti P, Vartiainen E, Woodward M, D'Agostino RB, Wolf PA, Vasan RS, Pencina MJ, Bladbjerg EM, Jørgensen T, Møller L, Jespersen J, Dankner R, Chetrit A, Lubin F, Rosengren A, Wilhelmsen L, Lappas G, Eriksson H, Björkelund C, Lissner L, Bengtsson C, Cremer P, Nagel D, Tilvis RS, Strandberg TE, Rodriguez B, Dekker JM, Nijpels G, Stehouwer CD, Rimm E, Pai JK, Sato S, Iso H, Kitamura A, Noda H, Goldbourt U, Salonen JT, Nyyssönen K, Tuomainen TP, Deeg DJ, Poppelaars JL, Meade TW, Cooper JA, Hedblad B, Berglund G, Engstrom G, Verschuren WM, Blokstra A, Döring A, Koenig W, Meisinger C, Mraz W, Verschure WM, Blokstra A, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita H, Wilhelmsen L, Rosengren A, Lappas G, Kuller LH, Grandits G, Selmer R, Tverdal A, Nystad W, Gillum R, Mussolino M, Rimm E, Hankinson S, Manson J, Pai JK, Salomaa V, Harald K, Jousilahti P, Vartiainen E, Meade TW, Cooper JA, Knottenbelt C, Cooper JA, Bauer KA, Sato S, Kitamura A, Naito Y, Iso H, Holme I, Selmer R, Tverdal A, Nystad W, Nakagawa H, Miura K, Ducimetiere P, Jouven X, Crespo CJ, Garcia Palmieri MR, Amouyel P, Arveiler D, Evans A, Ferrieres J, Schulte H, Assmann G, Shepherd J, Packard CJ, Sattar N, Ford I, Cantin B, Lamarche B, Després JP, Dagenais GR, Barrett-Connor E, Wingard DL, Bettencourt R, Gudnason V, Aspelund T, Sigurdsson G, Thorsson B, Trevisan M, Witteman J, Kardys I, Breteler M, Hofman A, Tunstall-Pedoe H, Tavendale R, Lowe GD, Woodward M, Howard BV, Zhang Y, Best L, Umans J, Ben-Shlomo Y, Davey-Smith G, Onat A, Meade TW, Njølstad I, Mathiesen EB, Løchen ML, Wilsgaard T, Ingelsson E, Lind L, Giedraitis V, Lannfelt L, Gaziano JM, Stampfer M, Ridker P, Gaziano JM, Ridker P, Ulmer H, Diem G, Concin H, Tosetto A, Rodeghiero F, Marmot M, Clarke R, Collins R, Fletcher A, Brunner E, Shipley M, Ridker P, Buring J, Shepherd J, Cobbe SM, Ford I, Robertson M, He Y, Marin Ibañez A, Feskens EJ, Kromhout D, Walker M, Watson S, Collins R, Di Angelantonio E, Erqou S, Kaptoge S, Lewington S, Orfei L, Pennells L, Perry PL, Ray KK, Sarwar N, Alexander M, Thompson A, Thompson SG, Walker M, Watson S, Wensley F, White IR, Wood AM, Danesh J.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Associations of major lipids and apolipoproteins with the risk of vascular disease have not been reliably quantified.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess major lipids and apolipoproteins in vascular risk.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS:

Individual records were supplied on 302,430 people without initial vascular disease from 68 long-term prospective studies, mostly in Europe and North America. During 2.79 million person-years of follow-up, there were 8857 nonfatal myocardial infarctions, 3928 coronary heart disease [CHD] deaths, 2534 ischemic strokes, 513 hemorrhagic strokes, and 2536 unclassified strokes.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Hazard ratios (HRs), adjusted for several conventional factors, were calculated for 1-SD higher values: 0.52 log(e) triglyceride, 15 mg/dL high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), 43 mg/dL non-HDL-C, 29 mg/dL apolipoprotein AI, 29 mg/dL apolipoprotein B, and 33 mg/dL directly measured low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Within-study regression analyses were adjusted for within-person variation and combined using meta-analysis.

RESULTS:

The rates of CHD per 1000 person-years in the bottom and top thirds of baseline lipid distributions, respectively, were 2.6 and 6.2 with triglyceride, 6.4 and 2.4 with HDL-C, and 2.3 and 6.7 with non-HDL-C. Adjusted HRs for CHD were 0.99 (95% CI, 0.94-1.05) with triglyceride, 0.78 (95% CI, 0.74-0.82) with HDL-C, and 1.50 (95% CI, 1.39-1.61) with non-HDL-C. Hazard ratios were at least as strong in participants who did not fast as in those who did. The HR for CHD was 0.35 (95% CI, 0.30-0.42) with a combination of 80 mg/dL lower non-HDL-C and 15 mg/dL higher HDL-C. For the subset with apolipoproteins or directly measured LDL-C, HRs were 1.50 (95% CI, 1.38-1.62) with the ratio non-HDL-C/HDL-C, 1.49 (95% CI, 1.39-1.60) with the ratio apo B/apo AI, 1.42 (95% CI, 1.06-1.91) with non-HDL-C, and 1.38 (95% CI, 1.09-1.73) with directly measured LDL-C. Hazard ratios for ischemic stroke were 1.02 (95% CI, 0.94-1.11) with triglyceride, 0.93 (95% CI, 0.84-1.02) with HDL-C, and 1.12 (95% CI, 1.04-1.20) with non-HDL-C.

CONCLUSION:

Lipid assessment in vascular disease can be simplified by measurement of either total and HDL cholesterol levels or apolipoproteins without the need to fast and without regard to triglyceride.

Comment in

PMID:
19903920
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3284229
Free PMC Article

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