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Mol Cancer Res. 2009 Nov;7(11):1745-55. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-08-0325. Epub 2009 Nov 10.

Critical role of endogenous heme oxygenase 1 as a tuner of the invasive potential of prostate cancer cells.

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  • 1Department of Biological Chemistry, School of Sciences, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Abstract

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of cancer-associated death in men. Inflammation has been recognized as a risk factor for this disease. Heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), the inducible isoform of the rate-limiting enzyme in heme degradation, counteracts oxidative and inflammatory damage. Here, we investigated the regulated expression of HO-1 and its functional consequences in PCa. We studied the effect of genetic and pharmacologic disruption of HO-1 in the growth, invasion, and migration in androgen-sensitive (MDA PCa2b and LNCaP) and androgen-insensitive (PC3) PCa cell lines. Our results show that HO-1 levels are markedly decreased in PC3 compared with MDA PCa2b and LNCaP. Hemin treatment increased HO-1 at both protein and mRNA levels in all cell lines and decreased cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, overexpression of HO-1 in PC3 resulted in markedly reduced cell proliferation and migration. Accordingly, small interfering RNA-mediated silencing of HO-1 expression in MDA PCa2b cells resulted in increased proliferation and invasion. Using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR-generated gene array, a set of inflammatory and angiogenic genes were upregulated or downregulated in response to HO-1 overexpression identifying matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP9) as a novel downstream target of HO-1. MMP9 production and activity was downregulated by HO-1 overexpression. Furthermore, PC3 cells stably transfected with HO-1 (PC3HO-1) and controls were injected into nu/nu mice for analysis of in vivo tumor xenograft phenotype. Tumor growth and MMP9 expression was significantly reduced in PC3HO-1 tumors compared with control xenografts. Taken together, these results implicate HO-1 in PCa cell migration and proliferation suggesting its potential role as a therapeutic target in clinical settings.

PMID:
19903769
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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