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J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2009 Nov-Dec;18(6):443-52. doi: 10.1016/j.jstrokecerebrovasdis.2009.02.002.

A randomized trial testing the superiority of a postdischarge care management model for stroke survivors.

Author information

  • 1Health Services Research and Education Institute, Department of Medicine, Summa Health System, Akron, Ohio 44304, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to evaluate whether comprehensive postdischarge care management for stroke survivors is superior to organized acute stroke department care with enhanced discharge planning in improving a profile of health and well-being.

METHODS:

This was a randomized trial of a comprehensive postdischarge care management intervention for patients with ischemic stroke and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores greater than or equal to 1 discharged from an acute stroke department. An advanced practice nurse performed an in-home assessment for the intervention group from which an interdisciplinary team developed patient-specific care plans. The advanced practice nurse worked with the primary care physician and patient to implement the plan during the next 6 months. The intervention and usual care groups were compared using a global and closed hypothesis testing strategy. Outcomes fell into 5 domains: (1) neuromotor function, (2) institution time or death, (3) quality of life, (4) management of risk, and (5) stroke knowledge and lifestyle.

RESULTS:

Treatment effect was near 0 SD for all except the stroke knowledge and lifestyle domain, which showed a significant effect of the intervention (P = .0003).

CONCLUSIONS:

Postdischarge care management was not more effective than organized stroke department care with enhanced discharge planning in most domains in this population. The intervention did, however, fill a postdischarge knowledge gap.

PMID:
19900646
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2802837
Free PMC Article

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