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J Biol Chem. 2010 Jan 15;285(3):1733-42. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.019570. Epub 2009 Nov 6.

Reactive oxygen species-mediated regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1Institute of Biochemistry and Genetics of the Cell, CNRS UMR 5095, 1 Rue Camille Saint Saëns, 33077 Bordeaux Cedex, France.


Mitochondrial biogenesis is a complex process. It necessitates the participation of both the nuclear and the mitochondrial genomes. This process is highly regulated, and mitochondrial content within a cell varies according to energy demand. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the cAMP pathway is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis. An overactivation of this pathway leads to an increase in mitochondrial enzymatic content. Of the three yeast cAMP protein kinases, we have previously shown that Tpk3p is the one involved in the regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis. In this paper, we investigated the molecular mechanisms that govern this process. We show that in the absence of Tpk3p, mitochondria produce large amounts of reactive oxygen species that signal to the HAP2/3/4/5 nuclear transcription factors involved in mitochondrial biogenesis. We establish that an increase in mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production down-regulates mitochondrial biogenesis. It is the first time that a redox sensitivity of the transcription factors involved in yeast mitochondrial biogenesis is shown. Such a process could be seen as a mitochondria quality control process.

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