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Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2010 Feb;112(2):149-52. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2009.10.001. Epub 2009 Nov 5.

Clinical and neurophysiological improvement of SGCE myoclonus-dystonia with GPi deep brain stimulation.

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  • 1Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, United States. mkurtis@ruberinternacional.es


Myoclonus-dystonia (M-D) is characterized by early onset myoclonus and dystonia. It is thought to be subcortical in origin. Response to oral medications may be incomplete, such that deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery to the globus pallidum interna (GPi) or ventral intermediate thalamic nucleus (VIM) may be considered. The optimal site is not known. The physiology and surgical response for a 63-year-old woman who underwent GPi DBS for M-D with onset at age 2 and related to a mutation in the epsilon-sarcoglycan gene (SGCE) is described. She showed excellent clinical and neurophysiological improvement of both myoclonus and dystonia, suggesting that modulation by DBS is effective even after long disease duration and only partial response to oral medications.

2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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