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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2009 Nov;25(11):1117-21. doi: 10.1089/aid.2008.0282.

Short communication: Methamphetamine treatment increases in vitro and in vivo HIV replication.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York 10461, USA.


To delineate the mechanistic basis for the epidemiological association between methamphetamine use and accelerated progression to AIDS, we evaluated the direct in vitro and in vivo effects of methamphetamine on HIV-1 replication. Methamphetamine administration significantly increased HIV-1 production by both HIV-infected monocytes and CD4 T lymphocytes in vitro. In addition, in vivo methamphetamine treatment increased HIV production and viremia in mice transgenic for a replication-competent HIV provirus and human cyclin T1. Methamphetamine activated transcription of the HIV long terminal repeat (LTR) regulatory region, was associated with nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB. Our results provide further insights into the mechanisms by which methamphetamine accelerates disease course in HIV-infected individuals.

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