Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2010 Jan;17(1):143-53. doi: 10.1128/CVI.00292-09. Epub 2009 Nov 4.

Immunological factors relating to the antitumor effect of temozolomide chemoimmunotherapy in a murine glioma model.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Kangnam St Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Banpo-dong 505, Seochogu, Seoul 137-701, South Korea.

Abstract

In this study, we investigated the potential of combined treatment with temozolomide (TMZ) chemotherapy and tumor antigen-pulsed dendritic cells (DCs) and the underlying immunological factors of TMZ chemoimmunotherapy with an intracranial GL26 glioma animal model. The combined treatment enhanced the tumor-specific immune responses and prolonged the survival more effectively than either single therapy in GL26 tumor-bearing animals. Apoptosis was induced in the tumors of the animals by the treatment with TMZ. Calreticulin (CRT) surface exposure was detected by immunofluorescence staining of TMZ-treated GL26 cells. TMZ chemotherapy increased tumor antigen cross-priming from tumor cells, leading to cross-priming of tumor antigen-specific CD4(+) T cells and CD8(+) T cells. This chemotherapy appeared to suppress the frequency of CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). Moreover, this combined therapy resulted in an increase in the tumor infiltration of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Collectively, the findings of this study provide evidence that the combination of TMZ chemotherapy and treatment with DC-based vaccines leads to the enhancement of antitumor immunity through increased tumor-specific immune responses via the cross-priming of apoptotic tumor cell death mediated by CRT exposure and, in part, the suppression of Treg. Therefore, CRT exposure, regulatory T cells, and cross-priming by TMZ chemotherapy may be immunological factors related to the enhancement of the antitumor effects of chemoimmunotherapy in an experimental brain tumor model.

PMID:
19889936
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2812079
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (8)Free text

FIG. 1.
FIG. 2.
FIG. 3.
FIG. 4.
FIG. 5.
FIG. 6.
FIG. 7.
FIG. 8.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk