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Korean J Radiol. 2009 Nov-Dec;10(6):613-22. doi: 10.3348/kjr.2009.10.6.613.

Dual-modal nanoprobes for imaging of mesenchymal stem cell transplant by MRI and fluorescence imaging.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, Seoul Metropolitan Boramae Medical Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul 156-707, Korea. sckmd@hanmail.net

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the feasibility of labeling human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) with bifunctional nanoparticles and assessing their potential as imaging probes in the monitoring of hMSC transplantation.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The T1 and T2 relaxivities of the nanoparticles (MNP@SiO(2)[RITC]-PEG) were measured at 1.5T and 3T magnetic resonance scanner. Using hMSCs and the nanoparticles, labeling efficiency, toxicity, and proliferation were assessed. Confocal laser scanning microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to specify the intracellular localization of the endocytosed iron nanoparticles. We also observed in vitro and in vivo visualization of the labeled hMSCs with a 3T MR scanner and optical imaging.

RESULTS:

MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG showed both superparamagnetic and fluorescent properties. The r(1) and r(2) relaxivity values of the MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG were 0.33 and 398 mM(-1) s(-1) at 1.5T, respectively, and 0.29 and 453 mM(-1) s(-1) at 3T, respectively. The effective internalization of MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG into hMSCs was observed by confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy. The transmission electron microscopy images showed that MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG was internalized into the cells and mainly resided in the cytoplasm. The viability and proliferation of MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG-labeled hMSCs were not significantly different from the control cells. MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG-labeled hMSCs were observed in vitro and in vivo with optical and MR imaging.

CONCLUSION:

MNP@SiO(2)(RITC)-PEG can be a useful contrast agent for stem cell imaging, which is suitable for a bimodal detection by MRI and optical imaging.

KEYWORDS:

Magnetic resonance (MR); Nanoparticles; Optical imaging, contrast agent; Stem cells

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