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Mol Pharmacol. 2010 Feb;77(2):111-25. doi: 10.1124/mol.109.061234. Epub 2009 Oct 30.

Structure and function of heterotrimeric G protein-regulated Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factors.

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  • 1University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2216, USA.

Abstract

Activation of certain classes of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can lead to alterations in the actin cytoskeleton, gene transcription, cell transformation, and other processes that are known to be regulated by Rho family small-molecular-weight GTPases. Although these responses can occur indirectly via cross-talk from canonical heterotrimeric G protein cascades, it has recently been demonstrated that Dbl family Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factors (RhoGEFs) can serve as the direct downstream effectors of heterotrimeric G proteins. Heterotrimeric Galpha(12/13), Galpha(q), and Gbetagamma subunits are each now known to directly bind and regulate RhoGEFs. Atomic structures have recently been determined for several of these RhoGEFs and their G protein complexes, providing fresh insight into the molecular mechanisms of signal transduction between GPCRs and small molecular weight G proteins. This review covers what is currently known about the structure, function, and regulation of these recently recognized effectors of heterotrimeric G proteins.

PMID:
19880753
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2812070
Free PMC Article

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