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Anal Chem. 2009 Dec 1;81(23):9664-73. doi: 10.1021/ac901786m.

DNA encapsulating liposome based rolling circle amplification immunoassay as a versatile platform for ultrasensitive detection of protein.

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  • 1State Key Laboratory of Chemo/Bio-Sensing and Chemometrics, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, P. R. China.


A novel rolling circle amplification (RCA) immunoassay based on DNA-encapsulating liposomes, liposome-RCA immunoassay, was developed for ultrasensitive protein detection. This technique utilized antibody-modified liposomes with DNA prime probes encapsulated as the detection reagent in the sandwiched immunoassays. The DNA prime probes were released from liposomes and then initiated a linear RCA reaction, generating a long tandem repeated sequences that could be selectively and sensitively detected by a microbead-based fluorescence assay. The developed technique offered very high sensitivity due to primary amplification via releasing numerous DNA primers from a liposome followed by a secondary RCA amplification. A biobarcode design was incorporated in the technique, which allowed the strategy to be directly implemented for multiplex assay of multiple proteins. Also, the technique allowed easy preparation of the DNA-carrying antibody reagent and the implementation with simple instrumentation. The technique was demonstrated for the determination of prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a highly selective biomarker associated with prostate cancer. The results revealed that the technique exhibited a dynamic response to PSA over a 6-decade concentration range from 0.1 fg mL(-1) to 0.1 ng mL(-1) with a limit of detection as low as 0.08 fg mL(-1) and a high dose-response sensitivity. The liposome-RCA immunoassay holds great promise as a versatile, sensitive, and robust platform to combine the nucleic acid amplification with immunoassay for ultrasensitive protein detection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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