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Diabetes Metab Res Rev. 2009 Nov;25(8):768-72. doi: 10.1002/dmrr.1045.

The uncarboxylated form of osteocalcin is associated with improved glucose tolerance and enhanced beta-cell function in middle-aged male subjects.

Author information

  • 1Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Kyung Hee East-West Neo Medical Center, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Recent human studies support the notion that serum osteocalcin increases beta-cell proliferation and insulin secretion, and improves insulin sensitivity. However, no study has examined the effects of serum osteocalcin gamma-carboxylation status on these associations or determined the role of uncarboxylated osteocalcin in glucose metabolism in humans.

METHODS:

The aim of this study was to determine the association between uncarboxylated osteocalcin and beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity in humans. As many as 199 men, aged 25-60 years (mean age, 47 years), who had never been treated with glucose lowering agents, were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. OGTT was performed and other metabolic parameters, such as, BMI, BP, lipid profiles, and both uncarboxylated and carboxylated osteocalcin plasma levels were measured.

RESULTS:

When subjects were divided into tertiles by uncarboxylated and carboxylated osteocalcin plasma concentrations, subjects in the upper tertile of each showed lower fasting and post-challenge glucose levels after adjusting for age and BMI (P < 0.05). The upper uncarboxylated osteocalcin tertile was associated with higher HOMA-B% levels, which are representative of beta-cell function (P < 0.05), and the upper carboxylated osteocalcin tertile was associated with lower HOMA-IR values, which are representative of insulin resistance (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Elevated levels of both carboxylated and uncarboxylated forms of osteocalcin were associated with improved glucose tolerance. Moreover, the uncarboxylated form of osteocalcin was found to be associated with enhanced beta-cell function, and the carboxylated form was associated with improved insulin sensitivity in middle-aged male subjects.

PMID:
19877133
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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