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Am J Addict. 2009 Nov-Dec;18(6):494-9. doi: 10.3109/10550490903206023.

Effects of a diagnosis or family history of alcoholism on the taste intensity and hedonic value of sucrose.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Alcohol Research Center, Farmington, Connecticut 06030-2103, USA.


Given inconsistent findings in published studies, we examined whether a personal lifetime history of alcohol dependence (AD) or a parental history of alcoholism affected preference for sweet solutions. Ninety-three alcohol-dependent subjects rated the intensity and hedonic value of five different sucrose solutions, which was compared with similar data from 122 subjects screened to exclude alcohol dependence. The effect of a family history of alcoholism (FH) was examined in the AD group. Neither the diagnosis of AD nor a family history of alcoholism was associated with ratings of sweetness intensity or sweet preference. These findings do not support the hypothesis that sucrose preference is positively associated with either a personal lifetime history of AD or a family history of alcoholism.

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