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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Jan;95(1):159-66. doi: 10.1210/jc.2009-0265. Epub 2009 Oct 26.

Serum markers of bone turnover are increased at six and 18 months after Roux-en-Y bariatric surgery: correlation with the reduction in leptin.

Author information

  • 1Indiana University School of Medicine, 541 North Clinical Drive, Clinical Building 455, Indianapolis, Indiana 46202-5111. rconsidi@iupui.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to examine serum markers of bone turnover at 6 and 18 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

PARTICIPANTS:

Ten women and 10 men [body mass index (BMI), 50.2 +/- 8.4 kg/m(2)] were studied at 6 months; 10 women and nine men (BMI, 47.2 +/- 6.6 kg/m(2)) were studied at 18 months after surgery.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Serum osteocalcin, bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP), N-telopeptide of type 1 collagen (NTX), PTH, 25-hydroxy vitamin D, and leptin were measured.

RESULTS:

BMI was reduced 32.7 +/- 6.2% at 6 months after surgery. Serum osteocalcin (6.9 +/- 2.4 to 10.9 +/- 2.6 ng/ml; P < 0.0001), BAP (14.2 +/- 3.7 to 16.4 +/- 4.5 ng/ml; P = 0.04), and NTX (10.9 +/- 1.7 to 19.6 +/- 5.3 nm bone collagen equivalents; P < 0.0001) were increased. Calcium, phosphate, and PTH were unchanged, but 25-hydroxy vitamin D increased (16.0 +/- 8.9 vs. 26.9 +/- 10.6 ng/ml; P <0.0001). The increase in NTX correlated with reduction in serum leptin (r = 0.58; P = 0.007). BMI was reduced 40.9 +/- 7.5% at 18 months after surgery. Serum BAP (17.6 +/- 5.3 to 22.2 +/- 7.8 ng/ml; P = 0.0017) and NTX (10.8 +/- 2.7 to 16.9 +/- 5.5 nm bone collagen equivalents; P < 0.0001) were increased. Calcium, phosphate, and PTH were unchanged, but 25-hydroxy vitamin D increased (17.7 +/- 7.6 to 25.6 +/- 6.8 ng/ml; P < 0.0001). The increase in NTX correlated with reduction in BMI (r = 0.58; P = 0.009) and leptin (r = 0.45; P = 0.04) and the increase in serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (r = 0.43; P = 0.05). In multiple regression (adjusted model R(2) 0.263; P = 0.013), reduction in leptin was a significant predictor of increase in NTX (P = 0.016), but changes in BMI and 25-hydroxy vitamin D were not.

CONCLUSIONS:

Weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with long-term increase in serum markers of bone turnover. The increase in NTX is related to the decrease in leptin, which may signal caloric restriction to the skeleton.

PMID:
19858320
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2805478
Free PMC Article
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