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Auris Nasus Larynx. 2010 Jun;37(3):347-51. doi: 10.1016/j.anl.2009.08.003. Epub 2009 Oct 25.

Head and neck liposarcomas: a 32 years experience.

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  • 1Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Salah Aza├»z Institute, Boulevard 9 Avril, Bab Saadoun, Tunis, Tunisia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this review is to study natural history, presentation, treatment and prognosis of head and neck liposarcomas.

METHODS:

We carry a retrospective study about 15 patients diagnosed and treated in our department between 1969 and 2001. Therapeutic modalities included surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

RESULTS:

Tumors were mostly localized at the neck (4 cases) and the scalp (3 cases). Cervical lymphadenopathy was found in 1 case. Chest X-ray found showed metastases in 2 cases. Histological types of liposarcomas were the following: myxoid (5 cases), well differentiated (4 cases), pleomorphic (4 cases), round cell (1 case) and dedifferentiated (1 case). Twelve patients underwent surgery. Complete excision was performed in 7 cases. In the other 5 cases, exeresis was incomplete and 4 of them received postoperative radiotherapy. Three patients were not operated because of vascular involvement (1 case) or metastasis (2 cases), and they all received radiotherapy alone. After initial treatment, complete remission was achieved in 7 cases (46.7%). A recurrence occurred in 8 cases (53.3%). Two of these patients were reoperated and another one received chemotherapy. In the other 5 cases, the tumor was uncontrollable and no additional treatment has been proposed. Five-year survival rate was 87% for patients who underwent surgery alone, 75% for those who underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy, and 0% for those treated by radiotherapy alone.

CONCLUSION:

The mainstay of treatment of head and neck liposarcomas is surgical excision and the prognosis is largely determined by the histological grade and the clinical stage.

Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
19857936
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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