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Bone. 2010 May;46(5):1286-93. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2009.10.013. Epub 2009 Oct 24.

Three-month weight reduction does not compromise bone strength in obese premenopausal women.

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  • 1The UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland. kirsti.uusi-rasi@uta.fi

Abstract

Weight loss is claimed to cause bone loss. This prospective 12-month study evaluated effects of 3-month group-based weight loss with VLED on body composition, bone mass and strength (DXA and pQCT), muscle performance and biomarkers of bone turnover. The assessments were done at baseline and at 3 and 12 months. Sixty-two women of the recruited 75 obese (BMI>30) premenopausal women who completed the study were divided into 3 groups based on the tertiles of weight loss at 3 months. The group means of weight losses were 15.5% (Large), 10.5% (Medium) and 5.9% (Low). Statistical analyses were based on analysis of covariance. Bone turnover increased during the weight reduction period in all groups but practically returned to baseline during the weight maintenance phase. In general, mean bone changes remained marginal (approximately +/-1%) and the amount of weight reduction was not associated with bone loss. The only notable change was the 4% decline in bending strength at the distal radius. These results indicate that in obese premenopausal women, 3-month weight reduction resulted in increased bone turnover but was not deleterious for bone mass or strength at 3 months or after 9-month weight maintenance.

Copyright (c) 2009. Published by Elsevier Inc.

PMID:
19857618
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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