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Ann Rheum Dis. 2010 Apr;69(4):770-4. doi: 10.1136/ard.2009.118919. Epub 2009 Oct 22.

iTRAQ-based proteomic identification of leucine-rich alpha-2 glycoprotein as a novel inflammatory biomarker in autoimmune diseases.

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  • 1Laboratory for Immune Signal, National Institute of Biomedical Innovation, 7-6-8 Saito-asagi, Ibaragi, Osaka, Japan.



To identify a novel serum biomarker of disease activity in inflammatory autoimmune disorders.


Sera obtained from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients before and after anti-TNF therapy were analysed by iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation) quantitative proteomic analysis and further validated by ELISA.


Of 326 proteins identified by proteomic analysis, increased serum levels of leucine-rich alpha-2 glycoprotein (LRG) was identified in RA patients before therapy. Serum LRG concentrations were significantly elevated in RA patients compared with healthy controls and decreased after anti-TNF therapy. Furthermore, serum LRG concentrations correlated with disease activity in RA and Crohn's disease (CD). Interestingly, in a subpopulation of patients with active CD and normal C-reactive protein levels, serum LRG concentrations were elevated.


LRG represents a novel serum biomarker for monitoring disease activity during therapy in autoimmune patients, particularly useful in patients with active disease but normal CRP levels.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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