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Acad Pediatr. 2010 Jan-Feb;10(1):14-20. doi: 10.1016/j.acap.2009.07.005. Epub 2009 Oct 23.

A randomized controlled community-based trial to improve breastfeeding rates among urban low-income mothers.

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  • 1York College of Pennsylvania, 17403, USA.



The purpose of this study was to assess whether providing a breastfeeding support team results in higher breastfeeding rates at 6, 12, and 24 weeks postpartum among urban low-income mothers.



A randomized controlled trial with mother-infant dyads recruited from 2 urban hospitals.


Breastfeeding mothers of full-term infants who were eligible for Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (n=328) were randomized to intervention (n=168) or usual-care group (n=160).


The 24-week intervention included hospital visits by a breastfeeding support team, home visits, telephone support, and 24-hour pager access. The usual-care group received standard care.


Breastfeeding status was assessed by self-report at 6, 12, and 24 weeks postpartum.


There were no differences in the sociodemographic characteristics between the groups: 87% were African American, 80% single, and 51% primiparous. Compared with the usual-care group, more women reported breastfeeding in the intervention at 6 weeks postpartum, 66.7% vs 56.9% (odds ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.07-2.76). The difference in rates at 12 weeks postpartum, 49.4% vs 40.6%, and 24 weeks postpartum, 29.2% vs 28.1%, were not statistically significant.


The intervention group was more likely to be breastfeeding at 6 weeks postpartum compared with the usual-care group, a time that coincided with the most intensive part of the intervention.

2010 Academic Pediatric Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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