Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Gastroenterology. 2010 Mar;138(3):913-21. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2009.10.033. Epub 2009 Oct 21.

Rapid HCV-RNA decline with once daily TMC435: a phase I study in healthy volunteers and hepatitis C patients.

Author information

  • 1epartment of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands. H.W.Reesink@amc.uva.nl



The search for targeted anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) drugs is driven by the adverse effect profile and limited efficacy of the current standard of care (pegylated interferon-alpha/ribavirin). In a first-in-human trial, we tested the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of the macrocyclic HCV NS3/4A protease inhibitor TMC435 in healthy volunteers, followed by HCV genotype 1-infected patients to assess antiviral activity.


The TMC435350-C101 study was a phase I, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 49 healthy volunteers, followed by an open-label, nonplacebo-controlled panel in 6 genotype 1 hepatitis C patients. Healthy volunteers received oral, single, ascending doses (up to 600 mg) or 5-day multiple ascending doses (200 mg twice daily or 100, 200, or 400 mg once daily). Patients received 200 mg once daily for 5 days. Pharmacokinetics and safety were evaluated for all panels, and plasma HCV-RNA levels were determined in patients.


There were no serious adverse events, no grade 3 reactions, and no treatment-related discontinuations; pharmacokinetics supported a once daily dosing regimen. Plasma HCV-RNA levels dropped rapidly in all patients, with a median maximal reduction of 3.9-log(10) IU/mL and a median of 6 days to maximal reduction. The initial steep reduction of HCV-RNA (median 3.5-log(10) IU/mL at day 3) was followed by a more gradual decline that was maintained over the dosing period. No viral breakthroughs (>1-log(10) IU/mL HCV-RNA increase from nadir) were observed during treatment nor in the 3 days posttreatment; HCV-RNA returned to pretreatment levels by week 4.


Once daily TMC435 given orally was generally safe and well tolerated and demonstrated potent antiviral activity.

Copyright 2010 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk