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Platelets. 2009 Nov;20(7):505-12. doi: 10.3109/09537100903215417.

Capture of platelets to the endothelium of the femoral vein is mediated by CD62P and CD162.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Abstract

Platelets contribute to blood coagulation at sites of vascular injury and to the recruitment of leukocytes at sites of inflammation. Under pathological conditions, platelets are involved in numerous diseases and clinical complications, such as deep venous thrombosis, embolism and atherosclerosis. But so far, little is known about the mechanisms of inflammation in large veins and the role of platelets in inflamed large veins. For this purpose, we investigated primary and secondary interactions between platelets, leukocytes and endothelial cells in the femoral vein in vivo with special regard to the role of CD62P (P-selectin) and CD162 (PSGL-1). Mice were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D-galactosamine (D-gal) and either CD162 or CD62P was blocked by intravenous administration of a corresponding antibody at the time point of LPS/D-gal injection. Four hours after LPS/gal injection, intravital fluorescence microscopy of the femoral vein was performed and primary and secondary platelet-leukocyte-endothelial cell-interactions were visualized after in vivo platelet and leukocyte staining with rhodamine 6G. Analysis of intravital fluorescence microscopy revealed that LPS/D-gal caused a strong inflammatory reaction of the venous endothelium with significant induction of platelet and leukocyte tethering, rolling and adhesion. Secondary interactions of platelets to adherent or rolling platelets or leukocytes were also increased after LPS/D-gal-injection. Immunoneutralization of either CD162 or CD62P significantly decreased platelet primary and secondary capture as well as leukocyte rolling and adhesion. CD162 and CD62P play a central role in mediating inflammatory primary and secondary interactions of platelets and leukocytes to the endothelium in inflamed large veins in vivo. Thus, blocking CD162 or CD62P might be an attractive tool for preventing platelet and leukocyte-driven venous diseases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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