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Rev Saude Publica. 2009 Oct;43(5):893-6.

Job strain and hypertension in women: Estudo Pro-Saúde (Pro-Health Study).

[Article in English, Portuguese]

Author information

  • 1Departamento de Planejamento em Saúde, Instituto de Saúde da Comunidade, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brasil. marciagmalves@gmail.com


This study aimed to analyze the association between job strain and hypertension in the female population. A cross-sectional study was performed with 1,819 women who participated in the Estudo Pró-Saúde (Pro-Health Study), in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, between 1999 and 2001. The Brazilian version of the short version of the Job Stress Scale (demand-control model) was used. Overall prevalence of measured hypertension (> or =140/90 mmHg and/or antihypertensive drug use) was 24%. Compared to participants with jobs classified as low strain, adjusted prevalence ratios for hypertension in women who performed passive and active high-strain jobs were, respectively, 0.93 (95% CI: 0.72;1.20), 1.06 (95% CI: 0.86;1.32) and 1.14 (95% CI: 0.88;1.47). Longitudinal analyses should be performed to clarify the role of these work environment psychosocial characteristics as a determinant of hypertension.

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