Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
EMBO J. 2009 Dec 2;28(23):3667-80. doi: 10.1038/emboj.2009.302. Epub 2009 Oct 22.

Optimal function of the DNA repair enzyme TDP1 requires its phosphorylation by ATM and/or DNA-PK.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Pharmacology, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-4255, USA.


Human tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (TDP1) hydrolyzes the phosphodiester bond at a DNA 3' end linked to a tyrosyl moiety. This type of linkage is found at stalled topoisomerase I (Top1)-DNA covalent complexes, and TDP1 has been implicated in the repair of such complexes. Here we show that Top1-associated DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) induce the phosphorylation of TDP1 at S81. This phosphorylation is mediated by the protein kinases: ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated (ATM) and DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK). Phosphorylated TDP1 forms nuclear foci that co-localize with those of phosphorylated histone H2AX (gammaH2AX). Both Top1-induced replication- and transcription-mediated DNA damages induce TDP1 phosphorylation. Furthermore, we show that S81 phosphorylation stabilizes TDP1, induces the formation of XRCC1 (X-ray cross-complementing group 1)-TDP1 complexes and enhances the mobilization of TDP1 to DNA damage sites. Finally, we provide evidence that TDP1-S81 phosphorylation promotes cell survival and DNA repair in response to CPT-induced DSBs. Together; our findings provide a new mechanism for TDP1 post-translational regulation by ATM and DNA-PK.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk