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J Vet Cardiol. 2009 Dec;11(2):89-102. doi: 10.1016/j.jvc.2009.06.001. Epub 2009 Oct 21.

Doppler-derived deformation imaging in unsedated healthy adult dogs.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oregon State University, 272 Magruder Hall, Corvallis, OR, USA.



To evaluate feasibility, repeatability and reproducibility (R&R) of Doppler-derived deformation imaging (DI) in healthy adult dogs.


Forty-nine dogs underwent physical examination, ECG, blood pressure measurement and echocardiography. Doppler-derived DI parameters obtained from six selected Regions of Interest (ROI) within the left ventricle (LV) were: strain (S), systolic strain rate (SSR), strain rate E wave (SRE), and strain rate A wave (SRA). The averages of the six ROIs were calculated and labeled avS, avSSR, avSRE, and avSRA. Randomly selected dogs underwent two echocardiographic studies to evaluate intraoperator (n=14) and interoperator (n=17) variability.


DI data were obtained in 87.2% of dogs and 77.2% of ROIs. Compared to controls, avSSR was significantly reduced in Doberman Pinchers (DP) and it was increased in dogs < 30 kg, compared to dogs > 30 kg. The intraoperator Coefficient of Variability (CV) for some ROIs was greater than 15% but for averaged measurements it was < or = 5.0%. Interoperator CV varied widely but were all < 15% for avSSR, avS, and avSRA.


The CV for Doppler-derived DI varied widely. Averaging values from multiple ROIs improved R&R. DI may help elucidate differences in LV mechanics between canine breeds.

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