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Ann Behav Med. 2009 Oct;38(2):94-104. doi: 10.1007/s12160-009-9135-2.

What distinguishes weight-loss maintainers from the treatment-seeking obese? Analysis of environmental, behavioral, and psychosocial variables in diverse populations.

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  • 1Department of Kinesiology, California Polytechnic State University, 1 Grand Avenue, San Luis Obispo, CA 93401, USA. sphelan@calpoly.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Understanding the factors that influence successful weight control is critical for developing interventions.

PURPOSE:

The purpose of the study was to provide a comprehensive understanding of the role of psychosocial, environmental, and behavioral variables in distinguishing weight-loss maintainers (WLM) from treatment-seeking obese (TSO).

METHODS:

WLM (n = 167) had lost > or =10% of their maximum body weight, had kept the weight off for > or =5 years, and were now of normal weight. TSO-1 and TSO-2 had a history of dieting and body mass index > or =25. TSO-1 was predominantly Caucasian; TSO-2 was predominantly African-American. Bayesian model averaging was used to identify the variables that distinguished WLM from TSO-1 and TSO-2.

RESULTS:

The variables that most consistently discriminated WLM from TSO were more physical activity (ORs = 3.95 and 2.85), more dietary restraint (ORs = 1.63 and 1.41), and less dietary disinhibition (ORs = 0.69 and 0.83). Environmental variables, including the availability of physical activity equipment, TVs, and high-fat foods in the home, also distinguished WLM from TSO.

CONCLUSIONS:

Obesity treatment should focus on increasing conscious control over eating, engaging in physical activity, and reducing disinhibition. Changes in the home environment may help facilitate these behavioral changes.

PMID:
19847584
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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