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Behav Neurol. 2009;21(1):3-12. doi: 10.3233/BEN-2009-0230.

Structural neuroimaging in the detection and prognosis of pre-clinical and early AD.

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  • 1Deptartment of Psychiatry, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA.


Current research supports the strong potential of structural MRI profiles, even within cross-sectional designs, as a promising method for the discrimination of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) from normal controls and for the prediction of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) progression and conversion to AD. Findings suggest that measures of structural change in mesial and lateral temporal, cingulate, parietal and midfrontal areas may facilitate the assessment of a treatment's ability to halt the progressive structural loss that accompanies clinical decline in MCI. The performance of prediction is likely to continue to improve with the incorporation of measures from other neuroimaging modalities, clinical assessments, and neuromedical biomarkers, as the regional profile of individuals at risk for progression is refined.

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