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J Neurosci. 2009 Oct 21;29(42):13136-46. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0474-09.2009.

Visual impairment in the absence of dystroglycan.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, Roy J and Lucille A Carver College of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, USA.

Erratum in

  • J Neurosci. 2010 Feb 3;30(5):1983.
  • J Neurosci. 2010 Jan 13;30(2):797.

Abstract

Ocular involvement in muscular dystrophy ranges from structural defects to abnormal electroretinograms. While the mechanisms underlying the abnormal retinal physiology in patients are not understood, it is thought that alpha-dystroglycan extracellular interactions are critical for normal visual function. Here we show that beta-dystroglycan anchors dystrophin and the inward rectifying K(+) channel Kir4.1 at glial endfeet and that disruption of dystrophin and potassium channel clustering in dystroglycan mutant mice is associated with an attenuation of the electroretinogram b-wave. Glial-specific inactivation of dystroglycan or deletion of the cytoplasmic domain of beta-dystroglycan was sufficient to attenuate the electroretinogram b-wave. Unexpectedly, deletion of the beta-dystroglycan cytoplasmic domain did not disrupt the laminar structure of the retina. In contrast to the role of alpha-dystroglycan extracellular interactions during early development of the CNS, beta-dystroglycan intracellular interactions are important for visual function but not the laminar development of the retina.

PMID:
19846701
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2965532
Free PMC Article

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