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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2009 Oct;2(5):540-7. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.109.872309. Epub 2009 Aug 25.

Protein kinase A-dependent biophysical phenotype for V227F-KCNJ2 mutation in catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

KCNJ2 encodes Kir2.1, a pore-forming subunit of the cardiac inward rectifier current, I(K1). KCNJ2 mutations are associated with Andersen-Tawil syndrome and catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia. The aim of this study was to characterize the biophysical and cellular phenotype of a KCNJ2 missense mutation, V227F, found in a patient with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Kir2.1-wild-type (WT) and V227F channels were expressed individually and together in Cos-1 cells to measure I(K1) by voltage clamp. Unlike typical Andersen-Tawil syndrome-associated KCNJ2 mutations, which show dominant negative loss of function, Kir2.1WT+V227F coexpression yielded I(K1) indistinguishable from Kir2.1-WT under basal conditions. To simulate catecholamine activity, a protein kinase A (PKA)-stimulating cocktail composed of forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine was used to increase PKA activity. This PKA-simulated catecholaminergic stimulation caused marked reduction of outward I(K1) compared with Kir2.1-WT. PKA-induced reduction in I(K1) was eliminated by mutating the phosphorylation site at serine 425 (S425N).

CONCLUSIONS:

Heteromeric Kir2.1-V227F and WT channels showed an unusual latent loss of function biophysical phenotype that depended on PKA-dependent Kir2.1 phosphorylation. This biophysical phenotype, distinct from typical Andersen-Tawil syndrome mutations, suggests a specific mechanism for PKA-dependent I(K1) dysfunction for this KCNJ2 mutation, which correlates with adrenergic conditions underlying the clinical arrhythmia.

PMID:
19843922
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2766080
Free PMC Article

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